"Human Rights And Civil Rights"
Human rights and civil rights should be kept above partisan considerations and partisan debate "to bring about greater democracy and greater opportunity for all Americans," Senator Hubert H. Fumphrey (D., Minn.) declared today in testifying before the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare in behalf of S. 692, the Ives Humphrey Federal Equality of Opportunity in Employment Act "Discrimination based on race, ered, color, national origin or ancestry is morally indefensible," Senator Humphrey declared. "It is out of harmony with our democratic institutions to prevent, individuals from earning a living or restricting them to only the least desirable jobs. Eradication and prevention of discrimination are proceeding, briskly in some places, haltingly in others. Just as half-truth is not truth, so there is no such thing as partial morality. The denial of equality of opportunity to some is a denial of the fruits of democracy to the Nation."
Other excerpts from Senator Humphrey's testimony include:
"This committee is well aware of the severe handicap that our nation faces in our dealings with other nations as a result of the remaining discrimination and exaggeration abroad. The United States, as the proclaimed and acknowledged leader of freedom and equality, must practice fully the freedom and equality that we espouse. We must by public law and public policy make clear our desire for equality in opportunity and our willingness to practice it here and abroad. We must come to our brothers in the world in Europe, Africa and Asia as a living example of human brotherhood.
"We have spent billions since the end of World War II in foreign aid. These expenditures have been as necessary as they have been vast. We must recognize, however, as the Vice President recently recognized upon his return from a tour of Asia, that some of the effect of our magnificent efforts abroad have been offset by the practice of discrimination which still partially exists in our country. To that extent we have not been getting our money's wor be Discrimination is bad in international relations."
"Society can achieve its goals in many fashions. It can do so by patterns of behavior that have no roots in legislation. It can do so by education. It can do so by a mere declaration of legislative policy and I believe, such a declaration could result in a change of attitude and behavior because ours is not an authoritarian society. Respect for law is a strong strand in our political fabric. Conciliation and persuasion are also traditional means in our society for achieving our goals. Government machinery fostering these steps is of inestimable value in improving human relationships—our domestic relations courts have proven that such methods can improve family relations chmonyhlationships where legalistic devices
"Our bill attempts to combine that declaration of legislative policy with the need to disseminate information and informed discussions together with utilization of conciliation and persuasion."
"At this critical moment of history when the survival of freedom and the basic values of democracy is threatened, we must fulfill and redeem the guarantees and principles of our philosophy of government. We must fortify our reputation among the nations of the world and encourage their devotion to democratic ideals by our living and expanding democracy. We must strengthen our economic structure and expand production and consumption."